Are you planning to start a family? If you have a family history of genetic conditions, you might be more likely to have a baby with a genetic disorder. Learning more about your family health history before getting pregnant can give you time to deal with any complications.

Genetic testing is a type of medical test that examines the DNA to determine the changes in chromosomesgenes, or proteins. The results of a genetic test help identify a person’s chance of developing or passing on a genetic disorder. It can rule out whether you, your partner or your baby carry genes for certain inherited disorders.

There are certain methods used by family medicine doctors for genetic testing, including:

Why Do Family Doctors Recommend Genetic Testing?

Your family practice doctor may recommend genetic testing for any of the following reasons.

Types of Genetic Testing

From identifying the risk of developing certain diseases to screening and aiding in medical treatment, genetic testing plays a critical role in providing information about diagnosing, treating and preventing illness. Family practice doctor performs several types of genetic testing for different reasons.

Diagnostic Testing – It is used to identify a specific chromosomal condition. It is also used to confirm a diagnosis for a suspected disorder based on physical symptoms. This test can be performed before birth or at any time during a person’s life. The type of health care needed and the management of the disorder depends on the results.

Newborn Screening – The most common type of genetic testing, it is used to test newborns for certain genetic and metabolic abnormalities that lead to specific conditions. Newborn screening is performed just after birth to identify genetic disorders which can be treated early.

Prenatal Testing – This type of genetic testing is performed during pregnancy to detect some types of abnormalities in a fetus’s genes or chromosomes before birth. Prenatal testing is used to screen two genetic disorders: down syndrome and trisomy 18 syndromes.

Preimplantation Testing – When you try to conceive a child through in- vitro fertilization, this test is used to screen embryos for genetic abnormalities. A few numbers of embryos cells are tested for certain genetic changes. Embryos without abnormalities are implanted in the uterus to initiate a pregnancy.

Carrier Testing – People who have a family genetic history or those in certain ethnic groups with an increased risk of the genetic disorder may have carrier testing before planning a child. Carrier testing can detect genes associated with a wide variety of genetic mutations and can determine if you or your partner are carriers for such conditions.

Predictive & Pre-symptomatic Testing – If you have a family history of a genetic disorder, this test can be helpful to identify mutations that increase your risk of developing genetic disorders. Pre-symptomatic testing can identify whether a person will develop a genetic disorder before any signs appear.

If you are pregnant or planning a baby, talk to the best doctors of family medicine in Brooklyn to get genetic testing. Schedule a consultation with the well-qualified family practice doctors of Artisans of Medicine today. With advanced testing procedures and techniques, we will help detect, prevent, treat or manage this disease.